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Everything You Should Know About Tendinitis

Tendinitis
Tendinitis

Tendinitis is a condition characterized by the inflammation of the tendons. Our muscles are connected to the bones through tendons. Tendinitis causes tenderness and acute pain, thereby making any movement of the affected joint quite difficult.

Although any tendon can develop tendinitis, the likelihood is more when it comes to the joints of the shoulder, elbow, knee, heel and wrist. Tendinitis is known in other names like pitcher’s shoulder, jumper’s knee, tennis elbow, etc.

What Are The Causes Of Tendinitis?

Repetitive action is the most common cause of tendinitis. The chances of developing the condition are more when you make the motion over and over while working or playing sports. Without doubt, the risk will increase if you are making the motion incorrectly.

Other causes of tendinitis include:

  • Aging
  • Injury
  • Diseases like rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes
  • Some antibiotics

What Are The Symptoms Of Tendinitis?

The pain caused by tendinitis is a dull ache around the affected joint. Moving the injured area increases the severity of the pain. The area generally remains tender and when someone touches it, you will feel more pain. You may also experience tightness and swelling in the affected area.

What Are The Diagnostic Methods Of Tendinitis?

When you visit a doctor and report symptoms of tendinitis, they may ask about your medical history and conduct a physical exam of the affected area. They will examine the range of motion and tenderness.

Make sure you tell about the following to your doctor:

  • Recent or past injuries to the affected area
  • Your past and present physical activities
  • Previously diagnosed medical conditions if any
  • All medications you currently take

If your doctor is unable to make a diagnosis after the physical examination, they may ask you to take additional tests including:

  • MRI scans
  • X rays
  • Ultrasounds

How To Treat Tendinitis?

Some basic home remedies for treating tendinitis include:

  • Resting the tendon as per the doctor’s advice
  • Using a compression bandage to cover the area until there is no more swelling
  • Doing light stretches and exercises to improve mobility in the area.

If your condition is severe, the doctor may recommend:

  • Surgery for removing the inflammatory tissue
  • Corticosteroid injections
  • Supports like braces, splints or cane
  • Physical therapy

Athletes participating in sports like golf, tennis, bowling, or basketball and people who are involved in jobs that include repetitive motions are at higher risk of developing tendinitis.