Joint Pain and its Complications
Joints are part of body where your bones meet and allow the bones of your skeleton to move. Joints include
Discomfort, ache or soreness in any part of body refers to joint pain. We always hear people complaining about joint pain and it has become common these days.
Joint pains can be caused due to illness or injury. Arthritis is also a common cause. Mean while, others factors can also cause joint pains.
Causes of joint pain
One of most common cause of joint pain is arthritis. Arthritis is of two types, osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
According to a survey, OA is most common in people above age 40. It affects commonly used joints like wrists, hands, hips and knees. OA actually occurs due to the breakdown of cartilages. The second type is RA. It commonly affects women than men. RA can deform and weaken your joints over a period of time and can cause pain and inflammation in joints.
Joint pain can also be caused by the overuse of a joint, an infection of the bone or joint, inflammation of the tendon, cancer, certain infectious diseases like influenza, hepatitis etc.
Symptoms of Joint Pain
- Area around joint is red or swollen
- The pain continues for three or more days
- Have a fever, but no sign of flu
- The joint appears deformed
The best possible option is to make an appointment with a doctor when you don’t know what actually is causing pain.
Diagnosing Joint Pain
Doctors perform a physical test first. They’ll then ask you series of questions about your joint pain. This helps doctors to narrow down the potential cause.
A joint X-ray may be performed to check for any arthritis caused joint damage. If not satisfied with the above observations, you’ll be asked to take a blood test.
How can we treat joint pain?
OA and RA are both considered chronic conditions. There are currently no treatment to eliminate arthritis based joint pains completely or keep it from returning. But we can manage pain.
- Stay physically active
- Keep your body weight within healthy range
- Take pain relievers to reduce pain, swelling and inflammation (Doctors consultation required).
- Get adequate rest
Treatment options will be based on cause of your pain. Sometimes they recommend surgery to replace the joints. Non surgical treatments may include meditation and change in lifestyle.
Joint pains are actually damages caused by normal wear and tear. Keep your body healthy and don’t hesitate to consult a doctor when required.