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A Primer About Musculoskeletal Pain, Its Diagnosis And Treatment

Muscle And Joint Pain
Muscle And Joint Pain

Muscle and joint pain, also known as musculoskeletal pain, affects bones, muscles, joints, tendons, and ligaments, and this can be due to various reasons. For instance, bone fracture can cause severe pain, arthritis can cause pain due to the joint damage and the inflammation, or pain from excess strain on muscle and joints due to strenuous activities, and so on. If the pain disrupts your daily activities, then you must consult with your healthcare provider to get the right treatment for relieving the pain. Read ahead to know more about musculoskeletal pain, its diagnosis, and treatment.

What Is Musculoskeletal Pain?

As already stated in the introduction, musculoskeletal pain is a pain that affects the muscles, bones, joints, tendons, and ligaments. This can be acute or severe and can be localized or it may affect the whole body. There are different types of musculoskeletal pain, and this is explained in detail below.

What Are The Different Types Of Musculoskeletal Pain?

Bone Pain: Bone pain can be caused due to bone fracture or other musculoskeletal injuries, but it can also be caused by tumors.

Joint Pain: Inflammations and stiffness of the joint is usually accompanied by joint pain. Depending on the underlying cause, this can either worsen or get better.

Muscle Pain: Muscle pain can be caused due to muscle spasms, injuries, or cramps.

Ligament And Tendon Pain: Tendons and ligaments are tissues that connect bones and joints. Ligament and tendon pain can be caused due to strains, sprains, injuries, or overuse of joints.

What Are The Symptoms Of Musculoskeletal Pain?

Listed below are the common symptoms of various muscle and joint pain:

  • Stiffness and aches
  • Muscle twitching
  • Burning sensation in the muscles
  • Fatigue
  • Worsening pain during movement
  • Sleep disturbances

How Is Musculoskeletal Pain Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of persistent musculoskeletal pain begins with a thorough examination of your medical history. This is followed by a physical examination to find the source of pain.

What Are The Tests For Detecting Musculoskeletal Pain?

Listed below are some of the common tests used for detecting the source or cause of musculoskeletal pain:

  • Blood tests
  • X-rays
  • CT scan
  • MRI

How Is Musculoskeletal Pain Treated?

The treatment for musculoskeletal pain depends on the underlying cause, and some of the common treatments are the following:

  • Physiotherapy
  • Therapeutic massage
  • Occupational therapy
  • Using splints
  • Pain relievers
  • Chiropractic adjustment
  • Steroid Injections

Listed below are some of the medicines used for musculoskeletal pain:

  • Acetaminophen
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Prescription medications like opioid painkillers