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What Are The Causes Of Joint Pain In Children?

Joint Pain In Children
Joint Pain In Children

Although old age people belong to the risk group of various joint pain conditions, joint pain is not exclusive to older adults. It can happen to people in any age group and children may also suffer from joint pain and related problems.

Here, we explore the various causes of joint pain in children.

Growing Pains

Growing pains are muscle aches that occur behind the knees, in the calves or in the thighs. According to research, the cause of musculoskeletal pain in about 50 percent of children that suffer from it is growing pains.

Growing pains are harmless and do not indicate any serious conditions. They usually disappear when the child reaches his/her teenage years. Growing pains usually occur in the leg, particularly in the thigh, calf muscles and around the knee.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Constant joint pain in children may be caused by juvenile idiopathic arthritis, a serious condition, unlike growing pains. JIA may cause swelling and pain in one or more joints. The condition may affect a child’s strength and movement. The condition has an impact on bone growth and might lead to permanent complications, which is why early diagnosis is important in the case of the condition.


Systemic lupus erythematosus or lupus is considered an autoimmune disorder and as per the experts, the disorder can affect almost every organ in the body. Lupus is rare in younger children but it becomes more common in teenagers, especially females.

Various symptoms associated with lupus include:

  • Fatigue that doesn’t improve even after getting enough rest
  • Pain, stiffness and swelling of joints
  • Fever
  • Skin rashes, particularly around the nose
  • hair loss

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that is usually spread by ticks. These insects carry a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi that is spread to people when they bite them.

Symptoms of Lyme disease are:

  • Fever or chills
  • Fatigue
  • A circular rash called bull’s eye rash around a tick bite
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Facial paralysis


Leukemia is cancer in the blood and it starts in the bone marrow of the person. This cancer can cause joint and bone pain along with many other symptoms.

The symptoms of leukemia include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Anemia
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Persistent fevers
  • Infections
  • Bleeding
  • Swelling of lymph nodes

If your child complains of persistent joint and muscle pain, see a doctor without delay to find out the reason and start the required treatment.