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What Is Arthralgia?

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To put it simply, arthralgia is the pain in one or more of your joints. Sufferers describe the pain as stabbing or throbbing one. The severity of the joint pain ranges from mild to severe. Arthralgia can be caused by infection, injury, arthritis, or other factors. But the most common cause of arthralgia is arthritis.

Treatment of arthralgia aims at addressing the underlying cause and managing its symptoms. Minor cases of arthralgia can be treated with medications that reduce pain and swellings. But severe cases of arthralgia can only be treated with medical procedures like physical therapy, steroid injections, or joint aspiration.

Symptoms Of Arthralgia

The most common symptom of arthralgia is joint pain. The pain may appear suddenly or gradually, but it will worsen over time. The symptoms of arthralgia can be experienced daily or once in a while. These symptoms can be severe and include numbness, stiffness, burning feeling, reduced mobility, itching, swelling, tingling, etc.

In severe cases of arthralgia, the symptoms are more serious and need immediate medical attention. These symptoms include:

  • Extensive bleeding
  • Severe joint pain
  • Bone protruding from the skin
  • Fever
  • Sudden joint deformity

Causes Of Arthralgia

Arthralgia can be caused by a variety of factors. Sudden joint pains can be caused by an injury, but severe cases of arthralgia can be caused by an underlying issue that will develop and worsen over time. Arthritis is the most common cause of arthralgia. It is the inflammation in the joints which leads to severe pain. There are different types of arthritis, including gout, septic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and Reiter’s syndrome.

Injuries that we sustain during a fall or an accident can also cause arthralgia. These injuries include:

  • Broken bones
  • Sprains and strains
  • Ruptured tendons
  • Herniated disc
  • Dislocated bones

Bacterial infections like Haemophilus, Neisseria gonococcus, salmonella, and Staph aureus can also cause arthralgia. Other infectious causes include:

  • Hepatitis
  • Influenza
  • Mononucleosis
  • Measles
  • Mumps

Treatment Of Arthralgia

The first step in the arthralgia treatment begins with seeking medical attention from a health care provider. The treatment will depend on the affected joint, severity of the pain, and the underlying cause. Minor arthralgia can be treated with a home care plan, including taking warm baths or icing the joints, which helps in the joint pain relief.

Pain medications are also recommended to reduce pain and swelling. Physical therapy is more beneficial in some cases. Sever cases of arthralgia requires more advanced treatments such as steroid injections and joint aspiration.