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Lifestyle Changes To Prevent Osteoarthritis

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Osteoarthritis caused by the breakdown of cartilage affects the joints in the body and leads to symptoms like swelling, joint pain, and restricted mobility. According to the reports by Arthritis Foundation, 27 million Americans suffer from osteoarthritis. Heredity, age, and gender are common risk factors of OA, with people belonging to the older age group and women being more prone to the disease.

In this session, we discuss some lifestyle changes we can make to prevent osteoarthritis. People belonging to the risk group have to especially follow healthy lifestyle habits so that they do not have to suffer from the disease.

Healthy Weight  

Excess body weight is one of the major risk factors of OA because it can put stress on your joints and lead to its deterioration and knee joint pain. When you select a random population and study them, we can infer from the study results that the probability of obese individuals developing OA is more than individuals with healthy body weight developing OA. Maintaining a healthy body weight can contribute to reducing the OA risk.

Get Adequate Rest

Exercise helps maintain the health of joints and muscles but working out too much could affect your joints adversely, which is why it is advisable that you maintain a healthy balance. If your joints are aching or swollen, give them some rest by avoiding heavy workouts.

A swollen joint should not be used at least for 12 to 24 hours. Not allowing time for joint injuries to heal will increase the risk of developing OA in the future.

Control The Levels Of Blood Sugar

Arthritis Foundation points out diabetes as a potent factor that increases the risk of developing OA, as elevated blood sugar levels accelerate the formation of specific molecules that makes cartilages stiff. Diabetes can also increase joint inflammation that leads to cartilage loss. Maintaining blood sugar at healthy levels can contribute to the prevention of OA.


Low impact exercise plays a significant role in maintaining joint health. Try to include activities like stretching and strength training to your daily workout routine. Regular exercise can:

  • Relieve stiffness of joints
  • Reduce pain
  • Improve bone and muscle strength
  • Maintain the health of joints

Manage Workplace Risks

Jobs that involve repetitive motion puts a lot of pressure on your joints. If your job involves repetitive walking, twisting, kneeling, lifting, etc, it is best to consult a doctor to discuss possible ways of reducing OA risk.

The old saying explaining the importance of prevention remains relevant at all times. Preventing the occurrence of OA before it starts taking a toll on our bodies is possible by adopting healthy lifestyle habits.