Understanding Joints And Joint Pain
Most of those in the age groups of 40 and above have a love-hate relationship with their joints; one day your knees feel good and the other you will be taking pauses thinking what you have done to deserve the joint pain. We love the fact that it allows us to do the things that require mobility and without capable and strong knees, hips and shoulders, our body would be a burden to carry around. But as we age, our joints begin to wane- becoming a source of constant pain and discomfort. There wouldn’t have been a day gone where you wouldn’t have grimaced in pain.
But before you head to the doctor (which you definitely should), knowing why you get joint pains and understanding what aggravates it goes a long way in helping you recover. Let us take you through a little anatomy refresher course to help you ‘see’ better. Read on to know.
The Body Basics
Joints have several components to it that give it the mobility, flexibility and strength. We will be looking through the key component:
- Cartilage- It is the protective tissue that covers the ends of bones. These tie in the sturdy bones to the joints, allowing for mobility. For example- the femur, which is the longest bone of the body connects the hip and the knee joints. The connection is done by means of cartilages on both ends of the femur. It helps reduce the friction when you move as well.
- Synovial Membrane& Fluid- The membrane is one that lines the joints and seals it. It further secretes a sticky liquid which is called the synovial fluid. This lubricates the joint further.
- Bursas- This is a fluid-filled sac that is present in the space between the ligaments and bones. It plays the role of a suspension coil- it helps break sudden impact and cushions the joint.
- Ligament- These are bands which are elastic and tough. These wrap around the joint and play the role of further providing support and facilitating joint mobility and motion. Ligaments are the tissue that plays the important role of connecting the bones and the joints together.
Last but not least.
- Tendons- These are the type of tissues that link the muscles on both sides of the joint. This is to control the movement. The tendons are what connect the muscles to the bones.
Every component needs to work seamlessly to avoid painless movement. When any one of these components undergoes damage, it results in loss of mobility and bone-on-bone contact that causes joint pain.